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Writing PIE

PIE is an acronym for proof, information, and example. When writing always provide proof of your assertions. Then provide information to clarify the proof provided. Finally provide examples of the proof and information for higher clarity.

Proof: According to 2013 Best Places to Work in Federal Government, federal employees are less satisfied in their jobs than they were in 2010.

Information: Since 2010, U.S. federal employees faced budget cuts, hiring slowdowns, equipment purchase moratorium, increased worker pension costs, a three-year pay freeze, and a 16-day unpaid furlough (Hicks, 2014; Fox, 2014). U.S. federal employee job satisfaction, which closed to within five points of private sector employee job satisfaction index points in 2010, dropped “to an all-time low, erasing the hard-won gains”(Shane, 2013, p. 1). With 30% of the U.S. federal workforce eligible for retirement in the next three years, U.S. federal employee job satisfaction is critical. “An uptick in retirements is fueled by $85 billion in spending cuts, along with furloughs, pay freezes, slashed overtime, and increased work load from the lack of new hires” (Liberto, 2013, p. 2).

Example: The department is trying to deal with long-standing morale problems. The department placed dead last for the second start year among large organizations …an annual ranking of job satisfaction among federal workers. Its overall score also declined for the third consecutive year (Hicks, 2013).

Reference: Marilyn Simon (1998) “The Dissertation and Research Cookbook” Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt Publishing Co.


For a list of Sheila’s books, check out



Dr. Sheila Embry is a govie, author, pracademician, sister, aunt, cousin, and friend who loves to read, write, think, and laugh. Many of her blog postings are summaries or excerpts of books that she read and wants to share to encourage others. An author with more than 25 years experience within the legislative and executive branches of the U. S. federal government holding 3 accredited degrees: Doctor of Management in Organizational Leadership, Master of Arts in Human Resources Development, and Baccalaureate of Business Administration, she believes in continuing learning both on and off the job. She has been recognized with multiple professional and writing awards for her peer-reviewed, publications. Click the bibliography page above for a listing of all the publications.

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