Do you remember the difference between an analogy, a simile and a metaphor from your English classes?
An analogy is a comparison: A is to B as C is to D.
A simile is for similar items: A is like B.
A metaphor just is: A is B.
Below are examples:
- “What garlic is to a salad, insanity is to art.” Augustus Saint-Gaudens
- “Prisons are to crime what greenhouses are to plants.” Harry Whittington
- “A skyscraper is a boast in steel and glass.” Mason Cooley
- “The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.” St. Augustine
- “Critics are like pigs at a pastry cart.” John Updike
- “A dependent clause is like a dependent child; incapable of standing on its own but able to cause a lot of trouble.” William Safire
Can you tell which are which? When you write, do you use style more than another? Do you do it consciously?
Reference: I never metaphor I didn’t like by Dr. Mardy Grothe (2008) Harper Collins Publishing
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