During the time of Captain Cook, King Kamehameha was born around 1758 on the Big Island. The Hawaiian Islands were ruled by individual chiefs. King Kamehameha was the first chief to rule all the islands as one…the Hawaiian chain of islands. He was the first one to unite (conquer) all the islands.
King Kamehameha had a brilliant mind, Herculean strength, and boundless ambition. It is said he was marked for death before his birth. When Kamehameha’s mother was pregnant, she craved the eyeball of a chief. Based on this, it was determined the child would became a rebel, a slayer of chiefs.
King Kamehameha was not of the highest class since his parents were only cousins, not brother, and sister like higher chiefs. However, King Kamehameha was a member of a small group of people who spent the night on Captain Cook’s ship. King Kamehameha was impressed by Captain Cook and served in many of his battles.
When King Kamehameha conquered the Big Island of Hawaii by being invited to an inaugural sacrifice ceremony of a new temple and then slaying his hosts, he set his sights on the other Hawaiian Islands. In the 1790s they conquered Maui, Moloka’i, Lanai, O’ahu, and eventually Kauai. He ruled from the Big Island and died in 1819.
Cite: O’ahu Revealed by Andrew Doughty